There are very simple ways to prevent and treat the development of corns. You should wear properly fitted footwear with extra room in the toe box (toe area). Avoid shoes that are too tight or too loose. Use GaiterAides Therapeutic Massaging Insoles as they are made with materials that will absorb shock and shear forces. You should also avoid tight socks and stockings to provide a healthier environment for the foot. Try to steer away from corn removing solutions and medicated pads. These solutions can sometimes increase irritation and discomfort. Diabetics and all other individuals with poor circulation should never use any chemical agents to remove corns. The medical name for bunions is hallux valgus or hallux abducto valgus. Bunions appear as a bump on the side of the big toe; this bump can actually change the bony formality of the foot. Rather than point straightforward, the big toe leans towards the second toe. The shape of the foot or wearing shoes that crowd the toes can cause bunions. Your podiatrist may recommend some non-surgical or surgical treatments for this condition. Hallux valgus syndrome is a condition that occurs when the big toe turns inward, toward the second toe causing a bump, or deformity, on the edge of the foot. Another name for the condition is bunion. Not all thicken or yellowed toenails are caused by a fungal infection. Injury to a toenail can cause the toenail to grow in a thickened or malformed fashion. This can be due to an established fungal infection or may be due to the damage caused to the nail root when it was injured. In these instances, treatment with anti-fungal medications will not correct the malformed nail. Other causes of thickened toenails are small bone spurs that can form under the toenail and psoriasis. Taking a scraping of the toenail and culturing it makes the diagnosis. On uneven surfaces, bare feet adjust with each step. When the arch is pressured, its reflex is to withdraw by contraction. Each contraction strengthens the arch and its support system. Modern life has weakened both the arch and the several leg muscles that assist in arch functioning. Shoes made more for fashion than for functionality have also increased foot disorders. Long-held fascial tissue restrictions also need to be worked out. Muscle fiber adhesions can then be released through pressure and stretching All this work stimulates the circulatory and nervous systems and gives relief to the tissues and joints. Curative treatment of hammertoes varies depending upon the severity of the deformity. When the hammertoe is flexible, a simple tendon release in the toe works well. The recovery is rapid often requiring nothing more that a single stitch and a Band-Aid. Of course if several toes are done at the same time, the recovery make take a bit longer. For the surgical correction of a rigid hammertoe, the surgical procedure consists of removing the damaged skin where the corn is located. Then a small section of bone is removed at the level of the rigid joint. The sutures remain in place for approximately ten days. Very closelycheck your feet if you have diabetes or numbness in the feet or toes. If youhave diabetes and notice problems with your feet, contact your health careprovider. If you suspectthat your corn or callus is infected or is not getting better despitetreatment, contact your health care provider. Also call your health careprovider if you have continued symptoms of pain, redness, warmth, or drainage. The thickening of the skin is a protective reaction. For example, farmers and rowers get calluses on their hands that prevent blisters from forming. People with bunions often develop a callus over the bunion because it rubs against the shoe. Some causes of calluses, such as gait abnormalities, can be complicated to reverse. However, you can do things to avoid many risk factors for calluses. Wear socks, and avoid wearing shoes that compress your feet or cause uncomfortable rubbing and pinching. If your toes can't wiggle in your shoes, chances are your shoes are too tight. If necessary, wear soft pads or bandages in areas of your foot that cause rubbing or pinching. References A simple trick for selecting perfect shoes is to avoid narrow, thin and straight shaped shoes. Wearing such footwear will overtime result in bunions, calluses and foot corns.